You are surely aware of the saying “sell in May and go away”. It is one of the best-known and oldest stock market truisms.
And the saying is justified. In my article “Sell in May and Go Away – in 9 out of 11 Countries it Makes Sense to Do So” in the May 01 2017 issue of Seasonal Insights I examined the so-called Halloween effect in great detail. The result: in just two out of eleven international stock markets does it make sense to invest during the summer months.
But is “sell in May” really the best recommendation? After all, it is merely a saying based on general experience. We want to take a closer look at the seasonal pattern.
The precise seasonal pattern of the Russell 2000 Index
The small and mid-cap index Russell 2000 exhibits particularly pronounced seasonal trends. That makes it especially useful for the purpose of seasonal analysis.
Unlike a standard price chart, the seasonal chart of the Russell 2000 depicts the average pattern that emerges in the index in the course of a year. The horizontal axis shows the time of the year, the vertical axis the average percentage change over the past 30 years. The seasonal trends of the index can be discerned precisely at a glance.
Russell 2000 Index, seasonal pattern over the past 30 years
The Russell 2000 enters a period of seasonal weakness in mid July. Source: Seasonax
As you can see, the Russell 2000 does indeed typically decline between May and October. However, there is one last surge into a mid July interim peak before it actually begins to fall quite noticeably. This underscores the importance of analyzing seasonal trends with precision.
The period of seasonal weakness in the Russell 2000 Index is highlighted in dark blue on the chart. It begins on July 15 and ends on October 27.
The Russell 2000 declined in 17 of 30 cases in the weak seasonal phase
But what were the returns of the index in individual years? The following bar chart shows the return the Russell 2000 generated between July 15 and October 27 in every year since 1987. Green bars indicate rising prices, red bars declines.
Russell 2000 Index, percentage return between July 15 and October 27 in every year since 1987
On three occasions the index suffered losses in excess of 25 percent! Source: Seasonax
As you can see, the color red clearly predominates. Not only did losses occur more frequently, they also tended to be larger than the gains. In other words, on average, short positions not only had a greater win rate than long positions, they also delivered higher profits.
Examine the seasonal trends of other instruments as well!
What seasonal patterns are displayed by other stock market indexes, or by commodities, bonds and currencies?
To find out, either go to www.seasonalcharts.com, or call up the Seasonax App by typing in “APPS SEASON” on your Bloomberg Professional Terminal or access it through the App Studio in the menu of Thomson Reuters Eikon. There you will find precise seasonal charts and much more.